Mistakes in lexical selection
Lexical selection refers to the choice of words and phrases that you use in your writing. It is an important aspect of vocabulary and it affects your coherence, cohesion, and accuracy. However, many candidates make mistakes in lexical selection that lower their band score and affect their overall performance. For example:
Incorrect: The graph shows the information about the sales of three products in 2020.
Correct: The graph shows the data on the sales of three products in 2020.
Incorrect: The main reason for this problem is because people are lazy and irresponsible.
Correct: The main cause of this problem is that people are lazy and irresponsible.
Incorrect: In conclusion, I agree with this opinion because it has many benefits for individuals and society.
Correct: In conclusion, I support this view because it has many advantages for individuals and society.
Mistakes in lexical selection can occur for various reasons, such as confusion between synonyms or near-synonyms, misuse of collocations or idioms, lack of knowledge about register or tone, or interference from the native language.
To avoid this mistake, you need to learn the meaning, usage, and context of words and phrases in English and practice them regularly. You also need to be aware of some common expressions and collocations that are frequently used in academic writing. Here are some more examples:
Incorrect: This essay will discuss about the advantages and disadvantages of social media.
Correct: This essay will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of social media.
Incorrect: There are many factors that effect the environment.
Correct: There are many factors that affect the environment.
Incorrect: In my opinion, this solution is very good and nice.
Correct: In my opinion, this solution is very effective and feasible.
If you want to learn more about lexical selection and how to improve your vocabulary for IELTS writing, you can check out these courses on Preptical Academy.