1. Factual Questions:
These questions require you to identify specific information from a text or audio, such as dates, names, numbers, facts, or details. Factual questions often begin with words like who, what, when, where, how, or how many.
Examples of factual questions:
– What is the main topic of this lecture?
– When did this event happen?
– Where is this place located?
– How does this process work?
– How many people participated in this survey?
2. Inferential Questions:
These questions test your ability to interpret or infer information from a text or audio. They require you to understand causes, effects, reasons, purposes, implications, or conclusions. Inferential questions typically start with words like why, how come, what if, what does … mean, or what can we conclude from …
Examples of inferential questions:
– Why did the writer choose this title?
– How come the speaker changed his mind?
– What does this word imply in this context?
– What can we conclude from this paragraph?
Each section of the IELTS test features a different number of multiple-choice questions, and they are scored differently. In the reading section, you can expect around 10 to 15 multiple-choice questions out of a total of 40 questions. Each question carries one mark, and there is no penalty for incorrect answers. In the listening section, you will encounter approximately 10 to 12 multiple-choice questions out of 40 questions in total. Similar to the reading section, each question is worth one mark, and there is no negative marking for wrong answers. However, some questions may have more than one correct answer, requiring you to select all of them to earn a mark.